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Regulations on transfer of personal data of EU citizens to the US - comparative law analysis of the Safe Harbour and Privacy Shield programs

Subject and Keywords:

Privacy Shield i Safe Harbour   transfer of personal data   Privacy Shield   comparison of legal systems   Safe Harbour   data protection


Nowadays, the value of information increases, in particular in the development of trade. Personal data are also a kind of information protected by almost all modern countries. Given their importance for the economic development and international trade, and the resulting necessity to transfer or exchange such information, it was important to create mechanisms ensuring their protection. Simultaneously, differences in the principles of personal data protection as practised by different laws mean that protective mechanisms implemented by countries and even unions of countries or their organizations are not sufficient. An example of this is the problem of transfer of personal data from the EU to the US. In this article, the author presents the legislation regulating the transfer of personal data of EU citizens to the United States, the associated problems and the programs of personal data transfer (Safe Harbour and Privacy Shield), indicating the differences between them and their shortcomings. Creating a proper act providing uniform protection of personal data within the EU and the US is primarily hindered by the fact that the EU and US data protection systems are guided by different principles.

Place of publishing:



E-Wydawnictwo. Prawnicza i Ekonomiczna Biblioteka Cyfrowa. Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Detailed Type:





ISSN 2450-3932


pol   eng

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Folia Iuridica Wratislaviensis

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The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity


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Rights holder:

Copyright by Monika Szczotkowska

Location of original object:

Library of the Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm   TK