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Alternative title:

Constitutional foundations of the organization and functioning of the judiciary in Finland

Subject and Keywords:

independent courts and judges   Constitution of Finland 1999


Nowadays, the autonomy of courts and independence of judges are the fundamental attributes of justice in a democratic legal state. On the grounds of the constitutional system of Finland, the Basic Law of 1999 creates a dualistic judicial system of common and administrative courts. The purpose of this study is to subject the provisions of the Finnish Basic Law creating the constitutional basis of the organisation and functioning of the common judiciary in Finland to legal analysis, which allows us to make a conclusion, that courts act as objective and impartial bodies, making decisions relatively uniform in similar cases. In their rulings they are independent and are not subject to state control in the field of the judiciary. Court judgments are the final measure guaranteeing the parties ̓ respect of their rights in relations with the state.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Date copyrighted:


Resource Type:



ISSN 0239-6661   ISSN 0137-1134




pol   eng


Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3993. Przegląd Prawa i Administracji, ISSN 0137-1134, 2020, 121, s. 245-255

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci

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Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.