Object

Title: HĒDONĒ. Plato’s Philosophy of Pleasure ; HĒDONĒ. Koncepcja przyjemności w filozofii Platona

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Title:

HĒDONĒ. Plato’s Philosophy of Pleasure  
HĒDONĒ. Koncepcja przyjemności w filozofii Platona

Creator:

Pacewicz, Artur

Subject and Keywords:

Plato   pleasure  
Platon   przyjemność

Abstract:

The book contains of five chapters. In Chapter I, it is answered the question, what is the philosophy and what is its place in the psycho-physical structure of the human being. The main subject of the analysis is the dialogue Philebus, but the (re)construction is also supplemented by appealing to the other texts (Republic, Theaetetus). The pleasure is a sensation, which come out as the effect of action taken on basis of some desire. The desire can be provoked by the bodily or psychical factor. Its appearing is very often a symptom of the lost of natural stability of the given structure (soul, body) and the pleasure is sensed, when the structure is restored to the proper state. But a possibility to feel pleasures called “pure” can show that the pleasure come into being not only with the process of restoration, but it is also – in some cases – present as some condition named “joy”. In Chapter II, the analyses concentrate on the dialogue Gorgias and the polemic with Prodicus and Callicles. I show that Plato aspires to prove two things. In the case of the discussion with Prodicus it is attempted to compel him to give an assent that some not corporeal exists. The sophist, if he would be fully convinced, should reach to the conclusion that there are not only the bodily but also the non-bodily pleasures. In the case of the dialogue with Callicles Plato tries to point out that the extreme subjectivism is not the philosophy worthy of an acceptance. According to Plato Callicles seems to prefer the emotional aspect of the human being to the rational one. Similarly to Prodicus the sophist does not accept any division of the pleasures as well, and the purely emotional and subjective attitude to the reality allows him to fulfil all his desires and to draw the maximum pleasure from it. For Plato such attitude is nothing else as to perpetrate a hybris. In Chapter III, I show, how Plato divide the pleasures (i.e. pure, impure, mixed, true, false and so on) and what role play the divisions in the texts of dialogues. The Chapter IV is devoted to the question of the so-called “hedonic calculus”. This conception is developed in the Phaedo and the Protagoras. The analysis of the texts allow to find that if Plato would seriously consider to apply such calculus, it could be probably used only towards the pleasures through the senses. In Chapter V, I put forward the educational and political dimension of pleasure in Plato’s philosophy. The main analysed texts are – naturally – the Republic and Laws. Plato shows clearly, how significant role plays the pleasure both in a individual human life (from birth to a death) and in the society. It seems to be important that it permits to judge the moral state of a individual person and the state and to justify philosophically this judgement.  

U podstaw książki tkwi założenie, że zagadnienie przyjemności jest bardzo istotnym elementem życia ludzkiego w wymiarze indywidualnym i społecznym, który warto analizować zarówno w aspekcie historycznym, jak i systematycznym. Niniejsza praca ma charakter historyczno-filozoficzny, a nie systematyczny, czyli nie dokonuje się w niej oceny badanych koncepcji co do ich słuszności czy niesłuszności, prawdziwości czy nieprawdziwości. Można również uznać, że mieści się w zakresie badań określanych mianem historii pojęć czy też historii idei. Jest także pierwszym w języku polskim opracowaniem kwestii hedonizmu u Platona. W książce (re)konstruowana jest Platońska koncepcja hēdonē w jej kontekście historycznym oraz przedstawiona argumentacja na rzecz tezy, że stosunek do przyjemności może stanowić kryterium oceny stanu moralnego tak jednostki jak i społeczeństwa.

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Publisher:

Oficyna Naukowa PFF

Date issued:

2016

Detailed Type:

monograph  
monografia

Format:

application/pdf

Identifier:

oai:repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl:80020   ISBN 978–83–64208–13–3

DOI:

10.23734/26.17.019

Language:

pol

Rights holder:

Copyright by Artur Pacewicz & Polskie Forum Filozoficzne

Autor opisu:

em

Object collections:

Last modified:

Dec 30, 2020

In our library since:

Nov 22, 2017

Number of object content hits:

9 847

Number of object content views in PDF format

10719

All available object's versions:

https://repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl/publication/85062

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