Subject and Keywords:
The concept of the rational legislator is considered one of the greatest achievements of Polish legal doctrine, and the assumption of rationality of the author of a legal text — as a specific feature of Polish legal culture. However, this concept is sometimes criticised for scientism and formalism, on which it bases its argumentation, and today — additionally — for blurring the boundaries of power between the political legislature (real legislator) and independent, apolitical judiciary (judge using the assumption of rational legislator). An additional political impetus for this discussion is currently being given by Polish disputes over judicial reform. In this text, I recall a historical discussion in jurisprudence that was provoked in 1973 by the work of a Poznań lawyer, philosopher and methodologist of science Leszek Nowak entitled “Legal Interpretation. Study of the methodology of jurisprudence.” In the theses of this work and the criticism it provoked at the time, I can see reasons for the argument — hidden behind the language of jurisprudential debate — which is also present in current Polish political disputes about the shape of the judiciary. This justifies the view that disputes over the independence of judges and the judiciary are disputes reaching the centre of Polish legal culture, its specificity expressed by the assumption of the legislator ’s rationality.