The basic attribute of a local self-government unit as a decentralized unit is its legal and factual independence. This independence depends on the way in which the structure of a local self-government unit, its tasks and competences, its property and finances and the government control have been regulated according to law. These elements shape the scope and content of a local self-government unit. Equipping administrative districts (counties, provinces) with the status of legal person (being a carrier of rights), having its own property and following from the above the possibility of being liable for damages due to their own actions should be recognised as basic prerequisites (determinants) of their independence. In the public law sphere, however, this independence is shaped by the provisions of the acts in which there are determined limits of freedom in the scope of performing tasks and competences and the rules of exercising government control over the realization of these tasks.