The aim of this study is to analyze and interpret the experiences of the pupils of the Family Care Facility in Włoszczowa. For the purposes of this study, a qualitative method has been used. A narrative analysis was used, which was possible thanks to a partially structured interview, containing specific dispositions of issues. The collected content was necessary forthe creation and presentation of a case study. Thanks to the applied research methods, the situation, problems and plans for the future of young people who have been staying in a care and educational institution for many years have been known. Selected aspects of orphans’; relations with their carers were also considered. The research, together with the reference to the literature on the subject, allowed us to explore the causes and effects of social orphanage. The inability of the family to perform the functions assigned to it results in the fact that certain institutions are obliged to do so, as exemplified by the Family-type Care and Educational Centre in Włoszczowa. The pupils of this place enter the stage of adulthood with a lot of difficult experiences, which may hinder their functioning in adult life. Childhood and the period of early youth spent in a care and educational institution is conducive to the creation of strong relations between the children and their caregivers. It should be stressed, however, that the described organisation is not an alternative to a natural family, which is not so much unattainable, but incorrect from the point of view of the role that rests on the existence of individual forms of foster care.