The results of field research which was conducted in several villages in North-East Bosnia and Herzegovina are presented in this article. The aim of the research is related to understanding the culturological processes and dynamics in the organization of marital life and the structure of family life in rural Bosnia in the first half of the 20th century. The results are the presentation of the organisation of family life in extended (multi-generational) and nuclear families. The structure and dynamics of intra-family culture, the work and the sharing of work obligations/chores of family members, the house decorations, the traditional folk costumes and footwear, the healthcare and treatment of family members, the nutritional culture, the role of traditional folk beliefs and religion in family life, as well as the distortion of intra-marital and intra-family life, are described. The claim that the culturological organisation of family life arises from the everyday life of a concrete community, and that it includes the life cycle from birth until death, is the main conclusion. In the process, a specific ethnopedagogical activity is inherent for various life situations; thereby, a functional connection is being achieved between the individual and the community. All the components of the traditional, Bosnian culture, such as work, habitation, nutrition, clothing and decoration, and especially folklore and folk creativity in all its forms, have a primary role.