The right of a child to education perceived not as a duty or a need, but in a strictly legal sense of this notion, is a State’s obligation to ensure a child with conditions to overall development and education. This issue is in its core bond with the domain of human rights. Development of this idea of rights derived from the nature of human being has gained momentum only in the twentieth century. Because of it, a child is no longer an object of rights (e.g. of parental authority), but first and foremost their subject. A wide catalogue of minor’s rights has its roots developed in the international arena, and has been granted in the international legislation of general level before it was provided in constitutions or codes of particular states. Subsequently, this idea was implemented in the specific documents dedicated to this issue, such was first of all the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The right of the child to education, as one of the basic elements of the development of the youngest citizens is assured with a range of special guaranties. As exemplary one should invoke the framework conventions of the Council of Europe on the minorities, which ensures schooling for these groups, as well as possibility to learn own regional or minority language.