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Płeć a realizacja praw wyborczych

Alternative title:

Gender and the exercise of voting rights


Urbaniak, Krzysztof

Subject and Keywords:

women ; voting rights ; gender census ; principle of equality ; quotas and parity


Women’s voting rights and exercise thereof are the subjects of a dispute unfolding on normative, cultural, ideological, and emotional levels. For a considerable period of time said dispute concerned granting women full suffrage, which was perceived as an element of the realization of a general rule of equality. Since the second part of the twentieth century, we have been witnessing yet another chapter in the dispute surrounding women’s suffrage concerning the introduction of mechanisms promoting women in the election process both inside political parties and in the normative sphere, using such instruments as electoral gender quotas, parity, and the so-called „zipper rule” for electoral lists. This article analyzes the issue of women’s suffrage, including gender census and political and legal conditions for introducing reverse discrimination, used to increase the representation of women on electoral lists. The author attempts to answer the question of whether gender is a relevant factor in exercising voting rights and to what degree the realization of the constitutional principle of equality is compatible with introducing into the legal system instruments whose aim is to strengthen the representation of women in representative bodies

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Beta-Druk ; Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego


Uniwersytet Wrocławski. Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych



Date issued:





ISSN 2080-332X ; ISBN 978-83-65158-04-8


pol ; eng

Rights Management:

© Copyright by Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych, Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego & Authors, Wrocław 2015

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Rules of usage of Digital Library of Wroclaw University


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Rights holder:

© Copyright by KNDPiP, KNOTE, Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych WPAiE UWr & Authors, Wrocław 2007

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm