Subject and Keywords:
Granting full electoral rights to women by virtue of a decree issued by Józef Piłsudski on November 28, 1918 was the result of women’s active independence activities during the partitions. Women were actively participating in armed struggle for liberation from the total dependence on the partitioning powers, conducting conspiracy activities. The opportunities of a stronger involvement of women on the political scene were not fully exploited due to the conservative views predominating in the Polish society, treating women only as wives and mothers. Although women's organizations focused on increasing women's awareness of their equal position in relation to men and stimulating their professional aspirations, they understated the relevant issue of their participation in political life. A prominent organization whose basic task was to increase women's political consciousness, regardless of their origin and social status, was a Catholic organization - National Women's Organization, founded in 1919, in which one of the activists was Stefania Laudyn - Chrzanowska, who was born on January 2, 1872 in Mohylew and died on February 18, 1942 in Zakopane. In her professional career Laudyn devoted herself to writing, journalism and social activities. Thanks to the broad activity and literary achievements, she contributed to the increase of awareness of the political and social situation in Poland and in the world. She lived in Russia, where she studied and was involved in social activities fighting discrimination of the Polish population. After her husband's death in 1908, she moved to the United States, where – as a consequence of the experience of living in the capitalist reality – she came to the conclusion that working towards the equality of women would not solve the problems of her contemporary world. She concluded that only a strongly organized and united nation with deeply rooted Christian faith was able to deal with all socio-political problems. In the presented considerations, she had regard to the doctrine represented by Leo XIII and Pius XI, especially in matters of power, work and property. In 1922 she returned to Poland and settled in Zakopane, where she devoted herself to social journalism.