Various moments of life of the Galician population, at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, were outlined in this article, documenting their tremendous devotion to traditions. The exceptional emphasis, which was given to traditions, rites and celebrations in Galician families, is a kind of phenomenon passed from generation to generation. The aim of the paper is to present the influence of preserving all traditions, mainly by the peasant population, on building the system of values in families, creating social bonds and shaping social and national identity in the period of the struggle for independence and the first years of living in the free state. The analysis of the source materials leads to the conclusion that the Galician family and the social and civic community were built on the basis of the traditional values. The cultural and social identity with one's own family, farm, workshop, native village and language developed through fidelity to the tradition. Consequently, it made the Galician population aware of the connection with their own nation and their responsibility for its fate.