The subject of this analysis is hawala system as one of the Informal Value Transfer Systemes (IVTS/MVTS) and its susceptibility to misuse by terrorism financing and money laundering. Substantial part of the article is presentation of legal regulations undertaken by some states separately or via international organizations to curb abuse of IVTS and recommendations that help to spot such abuses. The author focuses not only on description of the current state, but also shows how IT development changes the IVTS and creates new challenges for regulators and those preventing terrorism financing
Oct 4, 2019
Dec 13, 2018
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