Object structure

click here to follow the link

Alternative title:

Songshi during the Ming and Qing dynasties

Subject and Keywords:

songshi   songgun   Ming   Qing


Songshi (litigation masters) were people who assisted others with litigation in imperial China. Their activity was illegal. They wrote plaints for their clients and helped them in negotiations with yamen personnel. The purpose of these article is to characterize litigation masters as a group, to describe main forms of their activity, to indicate sources of significant demand for their services during Ming and Qing times and to try to answer the question about their role in the late imperial China

Place of publishing:



Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego


Sadowski, Mirosław (1964- ). Red.

Date issued:


Date copyrighted:




ISSN 2080-332X   ISBN 978-83-65158-12-3


pol   eng

Is part of:

click here to follow the link

Access rights:

The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity


Making materials available on the basis of the agreement with the owner of the property copyrights

Rights holder:

Copyright by Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych, Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego & Authors

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm