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The institution of the permanent court guardian 1919 – 1929

Subject and Keywords:

permanent court guardians   probation system   juvenile courts


The institution of the permanent court guardian is a part of the history of the Polish probation system, which is an integral part of juvenile courts. The decree of the Chief of State Józef Piłsudski from 7 February 1919 setting up juvenile courts ought to be considered the beginning of the probation system. The institution of the permanent court guardian functioned in the period between 1919 and 1929, more precisely set forth in the abovementioned decree of the Chief of State as well as the ordinance of the Minister of Justice from 25 June 1929, which transformed the institution of the court guardian into the probation officer by the municipal and juvenile courts. The fact that at the very beginning of independent Poland the matter of the juvenile judiciary was regulated by setting up juvenile courts as well as the institution of the permanent court guardian only testifies to the seriousness of the problem that the young country had to face. The aim of the article is to present the legal basis, scope of responsibilities as well as the functioning of permanent court guardians. The institution of the permanent court guardians marked the beginning of the Polish probationary system and the modern juvenile courts based mostly on adopting educational measures in treating juvenile delinquents.

Place of publishing:



E-Wydawnictwo. Prawnicza i Ekonomiczna Biblioteka Cyfrowa. Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Detailed Type:



ISSN 2450-3932




pol   eng

WUL Catalog:

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Is part of:

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Is referenced by:



Folia Iuridica Wratislaviensis

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The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity


Making materials available on the basis of the agreement with the owner of the property copyrights

Rights holder:

Copyright by Krzysztof Szymków

Location of original object:

Library of the Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm   TK