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Alternative title:

The origins of ETA and its activity during general Francisco Franco’s dictatorship (1952–1973)

Subject and Keywords:

ETA   terrorism   Franco, Francisco (1892-1975)


In this article, the author analyses the origins and first years of activity of the Basque terrorist group ETA. It includes both the evolution of ETA’s ideology and the most important examples of its armed struggle. In order to improve the understanding of the mechanisms behind the founding of this terrorist organization, the first partof the paper contains a brief history of Basque nationalism and an overview of the situation in the region during and soon-after the Spanish Civil War. The main partof the article traces the path the organization took, turning from a student association focused on preserving language and culture to a highly functioning terrorist group capable of carrying out the assassination of admiral Carrero Blanco – the then Prime Minister and dictator’s protégé

Place of publishing:



Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego   Wydawnictwo Beta-Druk


Sadowski, Mirosław (1964- ). Red.   Spychalska, Aleksandra. Red.   Sadowa, Katarzyna. Red.



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ISSN 2080-332X   ISBN 978-83-65158-11-6


pol   eng

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The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity


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Rights holder:

Copyright by Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych, Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego & Authors

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WR U/PAdjm