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Title:

The Concept of the Good in the Pre-Platonic Philosophy

Creator:

Pacewicz, Artur

Subject and Keywords:

good ; Presocratics ; Sophists

Abstract:

The aim of the article is to outline an interpretation of the philosophical understanding of the concept of the good in pre-Platonic thought. The interpretation is based on those fragments only in which the concept actually appears. As a result of the adopted assumption, the ideas of the first philosophers, i.e. Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, were outside the scope of the investigation, as well as those ofXenophanes, Eleatics, Empedocles, Anaxagoras and Leucippus. In the case of the first philosophical systems of the pre-Platonic philosophy, one notices a connection between the good and the One. It can also be found that understanding of the ‘the Best’ is depended on, and results from, ‘the good’. This is true also in Heraclitus, though, at the same time, he introduces a significant reversal in this respect, for he abolishes the absolute difference between the good and evil, and turns it to a subjective relation. The good has no ontological basis in the Democritus’ system as well, though the good’s connection with truth, accessible for every human being, allows to interpret him as arguing for an objectivistic conception of the good. Theobjectivity of good has subsequently been denied by the Sophists.

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Publisher:

Instytut Filozofii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:

2006

Resource Type:

article

Format:

application/pdf

Identifier:

ISSN 1895-88001 ; doi:10.23734/26.17.026

Source:

Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia vol.1 facs.1 2006, s.87-99

Language:

pol

Licence:

Rules of usage of Digital Library of Wroclaw University

Licence text:

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Rights holder:

© Copyright by Artur Pacewicz ; © Copyright by Wydawnictwo Instytutu Filozofii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Autor opisu:

em