Subject and Keywords:
Important issues in the Polish political thought in the interwar period was the ratio of the Polish Catholic Church to a totalitarian movement emerging after the First World War. Among the active and prominent clergy of the Catholic Church in Poland, who took the floor on the emerging European movements and totalitarian regimes was a cardinal , senator of the Republic of Polish Prince Adam Stefan Sapiecha (1867-1951). According Sapieha greatest threat to Polish was Bolshevism, which was anti-Christian system, promoting the ideas of atheism and the destruction of all Christian values and God himself. He did not agree on the Bolshevik so-called depiction social issues. Bishop of Cracow openly opposed to the concept of the authoritarian state. Sapieha condemned emerging, by Benito Mussolini affair, Italian fascism ideologies. Sapieha criticizing Nazism very clearly stood for the Christian education of the young generation of Germans. With great emphasis he condemned a new German ideology that refers to racism and absolutist nation treatment. He argued that Nazism based on oldgermanic beliefs is contrary to the Christian vision of man. Sapieha warned that racism had threatened the essence of „the God -Creator „ and falsifies the order of things. In his view, the Nazi ideology was a perversion of natural law and the state. In his opinion, the Nazis perverted state and opposed to God. Attitude of Catholic Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha to the ideology of fascism, communism, Nazism, as well as emerged with the ideology of totalitarian regimes should be stated that it was decidedly negative. Both communism and fascism and Nazism hit in the spiritual rule of the Catholic Church and was a contradiction of the idea of a “just state”.