The French Revolution of 1789 proclaimed upon its banners the slogans of liberty, equality, and property – which are key to the liberal vision of men and society. Disregarding the semantic content attached to these terms during the revolution, including, in particular, the period of the Jacobin dictatorship and the attempted creation of what essentially was a new society, these slogans convey a vision of the individual liberated from the ties of feudalism and, therefore, free and equal to other individuals, whose property – the fruit of one’s economic activity – was the sole determinant of the individual’s economic status. According to Marx and Engels, these slogans were important – just like the revolution itself – from the historical standpoint, and to increase the production capacity necessary to bring communism closer. Nevertheless, they contained a mystification of reality. The mystification involved formally leveling people of different social classes who espoused divergent class goals. Historical progress was supposed to bring about communism in which social classes cease to exist along with the state and law. The individuals then truly become free and equal. In the author’s view, however, an analysis of the initial assumptions leads to the conclusion that the adopted conception of liberty perceived as an awareness of the necessity and the class-based character of the socialist regime, which was supposed to precede communism, does in no way mean that individuals are free and equal in the political tradition of Western Europe founded on liberalism
The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity
Korzystanie z tego materiału jest możliwe zgodnie z właściwymi przepisami o dozwolonym użytku lub innych wyjątkach przewidzianych w przepisach prawa, a korzystanie w szerszym zakresie wymaga uzyskania zgody uprawnionego
Jun 11, 2021
Mar 21, 2017
|„Niewola, nierówność, wyzysk” : ideały „Wielkiej” rewolucji francuskiej w ujęciu Karola Marksa i Fryderyka Engelsa||Jun 11, 2021|
Sydor, Paweł Uniwersytet Wrocławski. Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych
Łukaszczuk, Agnieszka Balicki, Ryszard. Red. Jabłoński, Mariusz. Red Ławniczak, Artur (1960- ). Rec.
Ławniczak, Artur (1960- ). Rec. Balicki, Ryszard. Red. Jabłoński, Mariusz. Red
Szumlewicz, Katarzyna Gromysz, Jowita. Red. Włodarczyk, Rafał. Red.
Mańko, Rafał Sadowski, Mirosław (1964- ). Red. Spychalska, Aleksandra. Red. Sadowa, Katarzyna. Red.
Pałaszewski, Piotr Bogunia, Leszek. Red.
Jędrysiak, Marcin Marszał, Maciej (1968- ). Red. Burdìn, Volodimir. Red.
Kruszelnicki, Wojciech Włodarczyk, Rafał. Red. Gromysz, Jowita. Red.