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Polish families in the face of challenges and threats posed by thefirst half of the 20th century (in the light of „Szkoła”)

Subject and Keywords:

Polish families   magazine „Szkoła”


For Polish people and Polish families the first half of the 20th century was a difficult time. It was the final period of the Partitions, with intensified repression, especially Russification and Germanization, the time of World War I, and twenty years of the rebuilding of Polish statehood which ended in another worldwide armed conflict in 1939. The dynamic political changes which led to the outbreak of WWI and WWII and to the regaining of independence by Poland in 1918 were accompanied by significant transformations of social structure and new tendencies in the development of culture and education. The change of women’s social position and their political and educational emancipation forced new models of family relations to appear, and a uniform schools ystem reconstructed after 123 years of bondage, together with the introduction of compulsory school attendance and the development of forms of pre-schooling education were significant challenges for many parents and their children. During the entire period the Polish family played a very important part in educational ideologies bindingin Polish lands at that time – national and state education. Because of that it was the subject of interest of many pedagogic magazines. The aim of the paper is to indicate the main areas of tasks given to Polish families in the first half of the 20th century in the light of one of the oldest Polish periodicals of this type – „Szkoła”. Apart from the topics brought up in the pages of this magazine in the second half of the 19th century suchas the cooperation of home and school, some new problems appeared then, including: the duties of a family in the difficult war and post-war period, concern for child’s healthat home, or the significance of parents’ shaping of characteristics propagated by the supporters of national education

Place of publishing:



Zakład Historii Edukacji Instytutu Pedagogiki Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Detailed Type:

czasopisma (wydawnictwa ciągłe)




ISSN 2082-9019   e-ISSN 2300-5866




Pdg P 343




Wychowanie w Rodzinie, T. 14 (2/2016), s. 209-230

Is referenced by:

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Rights holder:

Copyright by Agnieszka Wałęga

Location of original object:

Biblioteka Instytutu Pedagogiki UWr

Autor opisu: