Subject and Keywords:
After the collapse of the November Uprising (the Cadet Revolution) Poles under Russian rule in Russian partition were Russianized more severely than before. The tsar authorities focused on the educational system, on the upbringing of the youth in the name of loyalty to the Romanov dynasty, and submission to any authority. This educational aim was fulfilled under supervision both in school and outside. As the aim was in contradiction to family upbringing (values), the boarding schools, which were supervised by the Educational Board, started to be organized and approved by the Tsar. In Tsarian Russia there was no tradition of boarding schools; as a result, there were neither prepared or experienced teachers nor material goods to provide students with appropriate care and living conditions. Parents who were forced to place their children in the boarding schools had to bear higher cost.