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Dishonest arguments in academic discussion

Subject and Keywords:

dishonest   discussion   arguments   eristic   academic


The article focuses on the problem of standards of scientific research. Scientific research and discussions that follow should meet certain principles regarding generally accepted standards of critical thinking and the rules of fair argument. Compliance with these requirements is necessary to consider conclusions of the scientific discussion valuable, developmental and pursuing discovery of the truth. Any violation of these standards shall lead to disturbances in discussion and may result in drawing false conclusions. Given the above, the methodology of science distinguishes and classifies the so called dishonest arguments in academic discussion. Due to these arguments or stratagems, it is possible to win the argument, regardless of the truth and real facts of the issue. The article discusses the most popular dishonest arguments in scientific discussions. It also introduces an original division of these arguments and stratagems, inspired by the publication of T. Hołówka, Kultura logiczna w przykładach, [Logical culture in examples], Warsaw 2012. Moreover, the article presents methods of defense against disloyal opponents who apply those stratagems. Finally, the article addresses different types of discussions and contains their brief characteristics.

Place of publishing:



E-Wydawnictwo. Prawnicza i Ekonomiczna Biblioteka Cyfrowa. Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Detailed Type:





ISSN 2299-8322


pol   eng

WUL Catalog:

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Is replaced by:

Folia Iuridica Universitatis Wratislaviensis

Access rights:

The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity


Making materials available on the basis of the agreement with the owner of the property copyrights

Rights holder:

Copyright by Adam Sobota

Location of original object:

Library of the Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm   TK