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The Bangkok Declaration as an example of the Asian understanding of human rights


The declaration signed in Bangkok in 1993 by representatives of 35 Asian and Pacific countries showed a number of differences in the understanding of the essence of human rights and their internal hierarchy compared to the perspective of Western civilization. The direct genesis of the developed concepts was presented, mainly in the views of the then Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir bin Mohammad, as well as his counterpart in Singapore, Lee Kwan-Yew. Articulating a sense of one's own civilization distinctiveness went hand in hand with the economic and social development of Southeast Asia, which took place in the second half of the 20th century. The concept of specific Asian values justifies the primary role of economic and social development in relation to human rights and freedoms. The article shows how the individual articles of the Bangkok Declaration correspond to and justify this way of thinking.

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doi:10.34616/144557   ISSN:2451-2060



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Copyright by Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych WPAiE UWr, Koło Naukowe Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych Wydziału Prawa & Authors, Wrocław 2021

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