Object

Title: Symbolic communication as speech in united states supreme court jurisprudence

PLMET:

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Title:

Symbolic communication as speech in united states supreme court jurisprudence

Creator:

Machaj, Łukasz

ORCID:

0000-0002-7247-0138

Subject and Keywords:

Freedom of speech   USA   the First Amendment to the United States Constitution   symbolic communication  
wolność słowa   Stany Zjednoczone Ameryki Północnej   Pierwsza Poprawka do Konstytucji USA   komunikacja symboliczna

Abstract:

The First Amendment to the United States Constitution forbids government to pass any law which abridges freedom of speech. Notwithstanding the absolute tenor of the clause, this guarantee is clearly not limitless; its boundaries are established mainly in the course of Constitutional adjudication. The United States Supreme Court has extended free speech guarantees to so-called symbolic speech, i.e. to nonverbal expression of ideas, views or emotions. The article analyzes basic criteria and limits of First Amendment protection with respect to such instances of (alleged) symbolic communication as flying a red flag, refusing to salute the U.S. flag, wearing a black armband, silently protesting segregation rules, burning a crucifix, burning a draft card, sleeping in a park and nude dancing. In some cases the level of protection given to symbolic speech is deemed analogous to that accorded to written or oral expression; in other cases the Supreme Court applies the so-called O’Brien standard, which is an instrument designed specifically for judging laws relevant to this mode of communication.

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Publisher:

University of Wroclaw. Faculty of Law, Administration & Economics

Contributor:

Kozłowski, Artur. Editor-in-Chief

Date issued:

2011

Resource Type:

text  
tekst

Detailed Type:

article  
artykuł

Identifier:

oai:repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl:131330   eISSN 2084-1264

DOI:

10.2478/wrlae-2013-0039

Language:

eng

Abstract Language :

Relation:

Wroclaw Review of Law, Administration & Economics, vol.1, no.1, 2014, pp.38-50

Is version of:

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Access rights:

Attribution  
Uznanie autorstwa

License:

Creative Commons - Attribution (CC BY 4.0)  
Creative Commons - Uznanie autorstwa (CC BY 4.0)

Rights holder:

Copyright by Wroclaw Review of Law, Administration & Economics, published by Sciendo

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdbg

Object collections:

Last modified:

Oct 28, 2021

In our library since:

Oct 28, 2021

Number of object content hits:

5

Number of object content views in PDF format

7

All available object's versions:

https://repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl/publication/141942

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