Subject and Keywords:
The law of England and Wales is undoubtedly the scope of interest of many researchers due to its specific nature – broad participation of society in the admission of justice. Judicial functions are performed by justices of the peace (lay magistrates) and also by a jury. This paper is devoted to the lay participation in the adjudication in English and Welsh law. The article presents the justices of the peace institution as well as the jury – the historical aspects, the status of the bodies, its judicial competences and also the outline of Crown Court proceedings. The aim of this article is, first of all, the historic and formal-dogmatic analysis of the institutions of social participation in adjudication in English and Welsh law, as justices of the peace and as a jury and, second of all, the assessment of the solutions.