The first chapter of Aelian’s Tactics contains a list, which seems to be in roughlychronological order, of previous writers on the military art. Following Alexander II of Epirus (272–c.240 BC) and coming before Polybius (200–118 BC), Aelian lists Clearchus, Pausanias and Euangelus.Later in the same list after Polybius but before Poseidonius the Stoic (135–51 BC) come Eupolemusand Iphicrates. This paper attempts firstly, to identify Euangelus with Euangelus of Tanagra,archōn of the Boeotian League c. 240–225 BC. Secondly, it attempts to identify Eupolemus withEupolemus of Hypata, who held the post of stratēgos of the Aetolian League in 176/175 BC, foughtat Cynoscephalae in 197 BC and was possibly the eyewitness source of information for Polybius onthat battle. Other possible identifications of authors in Aelian’s list are then discussed.
May 13, 2021
Feb 10, 2021