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The book is the result of the research project PREWORK - Young precarious workers in Poland and Germany: a comparative sociological study on working and living conditions, social consciousness and civic engagement' - carried out in 2016-2019 by the team led by Juliusz Gardawski, Adam Mrozowicki and Vera Trappmann. The study was funded by the National Science Centre in Poland and the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) within the programme "Beethoven" (UMO-2014/15/G/HS4/04476, DFG: TR1378/1-1). The monograph is divided into three parts. The first deals with theoretical and methodological problems of research on precarious workers. It begins with a chapter by several authors, which constitutes a theoretical introduction containing a discussion of basic concepts and a review of literature on economic, political and cultural determinants of precarisation. Next, Mateusz Karolak presents an analysis of found data (GUS, Eurostat) and available literature on precarization of young people on the labour market in Poland. In Chapter 3, Jan Czarzasty introduces CATI research, discussing the traditions of research on economic mentality in the teams of SGPiS and the Warsaw School of Economics. Part I ends with a methodological introduction to biographical research within the PREWORK project by Adam Mrozowicki.The second part of the book – “Selected aspects of consciousness and life strategies of young precarious workers in Poland” - consists of nine chapters. This part opens with Agata Krasowska's chapter reporting the results of a thematic analysis related to experiences and meanings ascribed by young people to their work. Aleksandra Drabina-Różewicz analyses the consequences of precarisation for entering adulthood (Chapter 6) and the ways in which precariousness is experienced by women and men (Chapter 10). In their chapter, Magdalena Andrejczuk and Jacek Burski discuss the relationship between precariousness in the work sphere and experiences outside work (Chapter 7). In Chapter 8, Jacek Burski analyses to what extent and under what conditions precariousness of work triggers processes of biographical trajectory (deep suffering combined with the inability to act). Andrejczuk, meanwhile, examines (in Chapter 9) how precariousness can be overcome by entrepreneurial orientations. Adam Mrozowicki (Chapter 12) analyses the withdrawal patterns and political engagement of young people. Mateusz Karolak in chapter 11, on the basis of biographical research from the PREWORK project and additional 14 biographical interviews with migrants returning from Great Britain to Poland, discusses the connections between international migration (and its biographical "normalisation" and "disenchantment") and the normalisation of precariousness. In Chapter 13, Przemysław Błaszkiewicz presents his own research on the political culture of sociology students in Wrocław, treated by the author as a "potential precariat”.The last part of the monograph is contains the preliminary results of Polish-German comparative analyses. In Chapter 14, Juliusz Gardawski presents an analysis of CATI research in the PREWORK project. He explores how does the socio-economic consciousness of Polish and German youth reflect the visions of well-ordered economy which are typical of the institutional orders in both countries regardless of precarisation. Chapter 15, written by German partners (Aleksandra Seehaus, Vera Trappmann and Denis Neumann), provides basic data on the determinants and forms of precariousness of young people in Germany. Chapter 16, written jointly by the Polish-German team, presents an attempt to combine biographical analysis and CATI research in reflections on the processes of (self-)identification (and de-identification) by young Poles and Germans in relation to social classes. The discussed part ends with Chapter 17, also authored by the Polish-German team, which proposes a typology of life strategies of precarious workers in both countries.