Subject and Keywords:
In the first years after the Second World War the developing post-war European concepts of monuments protection, emphasizing the desire to recognize the heritage of the European civilization for the good of the whole continent, were not taken into consideration in Czechoslovakia. The isolation from Western Europe and the relationship with the communists facilitated the promotion of the radical theories of valuation of monuments and the organizational forms of their protection in a manner connected with the policy and the needs of the state. Consequently, the creation of new rules governing state monuments protection was determined by political utilitarianism, and often completely differed from the basic needs of restoration and conservation of monuments. The article presents the attempts to regulate the protection of monuments in the years 1945–1958, at a time when there was no uniform law regulating this issue in Czechoslovakia, and the protection of monuments was based on regulations introducing forms of protection only for monumental objects selected by the state.