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Title:

The take over and liquidation of the Catholic organization Caritas in the province of Wroclaw in 1950

Creator:

Włodarczyk, Edyta

ORCID:

0000-0003-2268-1268

Subject and Keywords:

church’s charitable activity ; state supervision over the church ; forced management ; compulsory liquidation ; nationalization

Description:

Tyt. tomu: Studia historycznoprawne

Abstract:

The take over and liquidation of the charity organization Caritas, both in Poland and in the former province of Wroclaw, lasted for several years after the end of World War II. The consistent cooperation of Caritas with the communist authorities was amicable for a period of approximately three years after the war. It began changing when the Caritas organization started being more and more active in many spheres of charitable work. The communist authorities began to see their main ideological opponent in the Church, which interacted with the society through its charity work, in a competitive way. Thus, in the years 1948–1949, the communist authorities gradually took over the facilities belonging to the ecclesiastical organization, suspended operations of its various branches e.g. Zgorzelec, or completely refused the allocation of premises e.g. Oleśnica. Inspections of Caritas, which were carried out at the time, were biased with the aim of demonstrating the alleged irregularities, manipulations and abuses within this organization e.g. Wrocław, Kamienna Góra, Lubawka, Chełmsk Śląski. The policy of the communist authorities, aiming to completely eliminate the Church’s influence on the society, led to the discontinuation of development of the Church activities and, on 23 January 1950, the authorities definitively took over the charity Caritas from the Church, establishing its coercive management. Since that time, the Catholic organization — Caritas has become the Caritas Catholic Association under the full jurisdiction of the Polish People’s Republic authorities.

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Publisher:

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Contributor:

Konieczny, Afred (1934- ). Red. ; Ptak, Marian J. (1950-). Red.

Date issued:

2014

Date copyrighted:

2014

Identifier:

ISSN 0524-4544 ; ISSN 0239-6661

Source:

PAd P 101182 II

Language:

pol ; eng ; ger

Relation:

Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3483. Prawo, ISSN 0524-4544, 2014, 315, nr 2, s. 189-204

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Rights holder:

Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdbg