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Alternative title:

Classifying the liberal professions in the category of entrepreneurs in the light of case law of the European Union Court of Justice

Subject and Keywords:

Euroepan Union   Court of Justice   case   liberal profession   entrepreneur


Tyt. tomu: Księga Jubileuszowa na siedemdziesięciolecie Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. Cz. 1


It can be inferred from both the content of secondary EU law as well as from the judicial interpretation of the EU Courts that the concept of an entrepreneur also includes professional services.The case-law referred to in clarifying the latter category includes the purposes relating to their trade, business or profession and whether publicly or privately owned. As the European Commission observed in that regard, in connection with the judgment of the Court of Justice of 15 January 2015, the exclusion from the scope of Directive 93/13 of many contracts concluded by consumers with persons practising liberal professions, characterised by independence and respect for ethical requirements to which those persons are subject, would deprive all those unprofessional recipients of the protection granted by the body of EU law.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Date copyrighted:



ISSN 0137-1134   ISSN 0239-6661


PAd P 101660 II


pol   eng


Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3661. Przegląd Prawa i Administracji 2015, 100, cz. 1, s. 599-611

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Rights holder:

Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.


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