Title: Natura wolności gospodarczej i jej geneza w systemie prawnym Unii Europejskiej


click here to follow the link


Natura wolności gospodarczej i jej geneza w systemie prawnym Unii Europejskiej

Alternative title:

The nature of economic liberty and its origins in the EU legal system


Cieśliński, Aleksander



Subject and Keywords:

economic liberty   legal system   European Union  
wolność gospodarcza   system prawny   Unia Europejska


Tyt. tomu: Księga Jubileuszowa na siedemdziesięciolecie Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. Cz. 2


This paper is concerned on economic liberty and its significant role in the EU legal system — both as a leading guarantee of the integration process as well as of the proper application of subjective rights in relations between individuals and EU institutions and national authorities. What is worth analyzing is a kind of a paradox that such an important right was neither mentioned in the European Convention of Human Rights nor expressly regulated by the Rome Treaties. However, as proved, it seemed not to be a real obstacle for the European Court of Justice to base its judgments on this liberty considered as a fundamental right, which used to belong to the general unwritten principles of Community law. Actually the most famous judgments regarding the sole nature of all fundamental rights in this legal system, such as Nold or Hauer, applied this exact liberty — along with some other guaranties. One of the biggest challenges in this area turned to be its final name, since the Court applied different ones relating to the right to pursue occupation or conduct business, and consequently its scope. The legal situation described above changed with the entering into force of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, but economic liberty as a general natural right is still covered not by one but two different provisions responding to these above-mentioned aspects, i.e. Art. 15 and 16. What is even more important to emphasize is that this liberty in the EU system is actually based on two different sources, not limited only to former general principles. There is no doubt that the area where it has been much more advanced and developed without such a legal base, is the EU internal market law. Although case law regarding its freedoms usually did not mention such a term, it still has a strong influence upon them. Therefore one of the most interesting aspects covered by this paper is the relation between freedoms and fundamental rights as well as their personal and substantive scope and method of application.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego


Jabłoński, Mariusz. Red.

Date issued:


Date copyrighted:


Resource Type:


Detailed Type:

czasopisma (wydawnictwa ciągłe)   artykuł


oai:repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl:117100   ISSN 0239-6661   ISSN 0137-1134


pol   eng


Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3661. Przegląd Prawa i Administracji 2015, 100, cz. 2, s. 463-485

WUL Catalog:

click here to follow the link

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Access rights:

The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity  
Korzystanie z tego materiału jest możliwe zgodnie z właściwymi przepisami o dozwolonym użytku lub innych wyjątkach przewidzianych w przepisach prawa, a korzystanie w szerszym zakresie wymaga uzyskania zgody uprawnionego


Making materials available on the basis of the agreement with the owner of the property copyrights  
Udostępnianie na podstawie umowy z właścicielem majątkowych praw autorskich

Rights holder:

Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.

Location of original object:

Biblioteka Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii

Object collections:

Last modified:

Jul 19, 2023

In our library since:

Oct 29, 2020

Number of object content hits:


Number of object content views in PDF format


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:



This page uses 'cookies'. More information