Subject and Keywords:
The judiciary in the United Kingdom is a phenomenon in Europe. Despite the fact that the role of judges in the common law system was significantly greater than in continental law systems, the British system lacked formal, institutional safeguards of the independence of the courts and the independence of judges. This principle was seen as a constitutional convention. The Judges’ Council, being the representation of judges, had only the status of an internal judicial body and an advisory role to the Lord Chief Justice. The reforms of the justice system introduced at the beginning of the 20th century, including the establishment of the Judicial Appointments Commission, undoubtedly influenced the strengthening of the independence of the courts against the executive and increased the influence of the judicial community on the appointment system of judicial offices in England and Wales.