Subject and Keywords:
Health care in developed countries as well as countries aspiring to this group is recognized as one of the fundamental tasks of the State towards its own citizens. The shape and way of financing the health care system is very diverse in various countries. This is mainly the result of different historical circumstances. Due to the high sensitivity to social issues, health protection system is constantly being modified or reformed, depending on the political or economic instability. This article aims to present the theoretical models of financing health care system and their actual modifications found in the Member States of the European Union. The adaptation of theoretical models is associated mainly with limited funds, which Member States and individuals are able to spend on health benefits. This issue can be boiled down to one of the fundamental economic questions: How do you manage with limited resources available to satisfy unlimited needs. The author will also try to prove the hypothesis that maximum expenditures on the provision of health care do not provide the highest standards of service. This issue is so important that the European countries, currently in the economic and financial crisis, should above all try to raise the efficiency of the system and ensure appropriate allocation of financial resources, rather than try implementing drastic reforms.