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This article concerns the influence of anthropology on the science of law, which is a discipline subject to constant change. Key terms such as: science, science school, anthropology have been defined. The evolution of the formation of anthropology and its formation in Poland over the years has been presented. To this end, the three most important trends of practicing anthropology were referred to, namely the Lviv, Krakow and Paris schools. Anthropology is associated with many fields of science, and from the 1940s and 1950s it was also connected with the law. Although legal anthropology is a relatively new discipline, one should not underestimate its importance in learning the law.