Object

Title: Proces norymberski w historyczno-prawnych analizach Franciszka Ryszki. Pojęcie przestępcy i przestępstwa

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Alternative title:

The Nuremberg trial in Franciszek Ryszka’s historical-and-legal analyses. The concept of criminal and crime

Creator:

Kanarek, Anna

Description:

Tyt. zeszytu: Polskie interpretacje totalitaryzmu i autorytaryzmu

Abstract:

Franciszek Ryszka August 4th, 1924–March 31th, 1998 — lawyer, historian of the state, law and political-and-legal thought, political philosopher, researcher of the recent history, the Second Polish Republic, the occupation period and the communist times — specialized in the history of Nazi Germany. Analyzing the Nuremberg trials, F. Ryszka paid special attention to the concept of “criminals” and “crime.” Statute of the International Military Tribunal defined the substantive premises for the punishment of the Third Reich’s major war criminals and also the very concept of “criminal.” However, it was the Americans who played the dominant role in the Nuremberg trials. They introduced the concept of a “collective crime,” understood as a participation in the Nazi conspiracy. They enforced the concept, which was ultimately adopted in the indictment, of conspiracy, denoting the organized criminal activity, realizing criminal purpose through belonging to the same organization or group the activities of which exhaust all the defining features of conspiracy crimes, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. The indictment included those found guilty of serious felonies and criminal groups which fulfilled the definition of “criminal organization.” The Court did not, however, recognize the government of the Reich, SA, and OKW as criminal organizations because it was not proven during the trial that just the very fact of being a member of those organizations could be equaled with a conscious participation in criminal organization. According to the Tribunal’s decision, the criminal responsibility for belonging to criminal organizations was limited tothe time of war, because no one could have been called to account for belonging to an organization before September 1st, 1939. It should also be pointed out that the most important achievement of the Tribunal was the recognition of the war of aggression as the most serious international crime which subsumes the rest of war crimes.

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Publisher:

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Contributor:

Maciejewski, Marek. Red. ; Marszał, Maciej (1968- ). Red.

Date issued:

2011

Identifier:

oai:repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl:108342 ; ISSN 0239-6661 ; ISSN 0137-1126

Source:

PAd P 101182 II

Language:

ger ; eng ; pol

Relation:

Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3365. Studia nad Faszyzmem i Zbrodniami Hitlerowskimi, ISSN 0137-1126. 2011, 33, s. 455-466

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Rights holder:

© Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o., Wrocław 2011

Object collections:

Last modified:

Nov 4, 2020

In our library since:

Apr 30, 2020

Number of object content hits:

5

Number of object content views in PDF format

5

All available object's versions:

https://repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl/publication/117476

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