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„Wracają czasy Krzyża i Szabli”. Narodowo-radykalna krucjata przeciwko materializmowi. Myśl polityczna Mariana Reutta 1907–1945 w latach trzydziestych XX wieku

Alternative title:

“The times of the cross and the saber are returning”. National-and-radical crusade against materialism. Social-and-political thought of Marian Reutt 1907–1945 during the 1930s


Meller, Arkadiusz

Subject and Keywords:

Reutt, Marian (1907-1945) ; political thought ; National Radical Movement “Phalanx” ; Poland


Stanowi kontynuację: Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis. Studia nad Faszyzmem i Zbrodniami Hitlerowskimi ; 1 (1974)-33 (2011) ; ISSN 0137-1126


The paper analyzes the intellectual achievements of Marian Reutt, one of the most important personalities of the Polish pre-war national radicalism. He was the first person to translate the works of the Russian historiosopher Nikolai Berdyaev into Polish. The author begins with the presentation of the basic facts from Reutt’s biography; in further parts the analysis of his political thought is conducted. The article focuses primarily upon demonstrating the historiosophic, political-and-legal and economic conceptions developed by Reutt. It should be remarked that, as far as social-and-political thought was concerned, Marian Reutt’s ideas were not much different from the proposals advocated by National Radical Movement “Phalanx” with which he was closely connected for the prevailing amount of time. What possibly made him different from other activists was his fascination with the Middle Ages which was probably caused by two factors. First, he considered this period in the development of Latin civilization to be the time of the primacy of spirit over matter. Second, according to Reutt’s somewhat doubtful view, it was a period of centralism and economic statism.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Universytetu Wrocławskiego


Maciejewski, Marek. Red. ; Scheffler, Tomasz. Red.

Date issued:



ISSN 0239-6661 ; ISSN 0137-1126


PAd P 101182 II


pol ; eng


Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3504, Studia nad Autorytaryzmem i Totalitaryzmem. 2012, 34, nr 3, s. 7-47

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Rights holder:

© Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o., Wrocław 2012