Subject and Keywords:
The paper is acomparative analysis of nationalist parties in Western, Central and Eastern Europe. The author has chosen as arepresentative sample organisations most often incriminated in neo-fascism and neo-Nazism. The terms have been verified, with the author applying new criteria ofdefinition. In order to exclude or attribute afascist connotation, she has used aconcise description of the fascist doctrine. Referring to its features, she has examined the ideology, operations, relevance and leadership of contemporary nationalist parties. The author has carried out a particularly detailed analysis of the differences and similarities between the revival of nationalism in Western Europe after 1945 and in Eastern Europe after 1989. The process of the emergence of national and nationalist parties in “young” democracies has turned out to be similar, though nationalism does have its various forms and faces.