Subject and Keywords:
The article, based on archival materials, analyzes the situation on the grounds of the former Auschwitz camp soon after its liberation. The situation is discussed from two perspectives: the administrative one, which is associated with the legal status of the former camp areas and the moral one — related to the behavior of the local population, who committed acts of plunder and desecration of the ashes of the murdered victims. The author discusses and evaluates the actions undertaken by the state authorities at different levels to protect the area of the former camp. He also presents the first concepts of organization of the Auschwitz Museum, which was officially established in 1947.