Subject and Keywords:
annexation ; democratic system ; administrative system ; road managing ; public tasks in democratic system ; levies in capitalism ; public levies ; charges ; taxes ; public roads ; road traffic ; motorization ; mechanical vehicle ; public expenditures
The article is devoted to public levies connected with the use of public roads and the road traffic in the democratic system of reborn Poland i.e. after regaining independence. Problems connected with public roads first of all financing of building and maintaining the roads as the elements of politics of democratic Poland in range of its economic restoration in the capitalist economic system after many years of annexation are described in the article. During that period the state collected different charges and other levies from participants of the road traffic and other subjects using public roads in different ways e.g. industrial companies located by the roads, which use the roads in other way than normal users, that means they often transport heavy things by big vehicles. Takings from the levies were allocated for building and maintenance of public roads. The most important kinds of levies are shown and discussed in the article. An assessment of the politics of Poland in the field of road infrastructure during the first years after regaining independence is also conducted in the article.