Object

Title: Nacjonalizm włoski — pomiędzy nacjonalitaryzmem a nacjonalfaszyzmem

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Alternative title:

Italian Nationalism: Between Nationalitarianism and National-Fascism

Creator:

Bartyzel, Jacek

ORCID:

0000-0003-1193-8515

Description:

Stanowi kontynuację: Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis. Studia nad Faszyzmem i Zbrodniami Hitlerowskimi ; 1 (1974)-33 (2011) ; ISSN 0137-1126

Abstract:

The subject of this article is the doctrine of Italian nationalism considered using the approach of the Polish italianist Joanna Sondel-Cedarmas. This doctrine found its most complete expression in the activity and journalism of Italian Nationalist Association Associazione Nazionalista Italiana; ANI, of which the main theorists and leaders were Enrico Corradini, Luigi Federzoni, Alfredo Rocco and Francesco Coppola. Although the organization was active relatively briefly, that is, for 13 years from 1910 to 1923, it played a key role in the transitional period between the parliamentary system and the fascist dictatorship. The historical role of ANI consisted in breaking with the nationalitarian ideology dominating in nineteenth-century Italy and related to the Risorgimento Rising Again movement, which was liberal, democratic and anti-clerical. Instead, ANI adopted integral nationalism, connected with right-wing, conservative, monarchist, anti-liberal and authoritarian ideology and favourable to the Catholic religion. However, in contrast to countries like France, Spain, Portugal or Poland, nationalism of this kind failed to retain its autonomous political position and organisational separation, because after World War I it encountered a strong competitor in the anti-liberal camp — fascism, which as a plebeian and revolutionary movement found a broader support base in the pauperised and anarchy-affected society. Nationalists, forced to cooperate with the National Fascist Party after the March on Rome and the coming to power of Benito Mussolini, modified their doctrine in the spirit of the national-fascist ideology. In spite of that, the nationalists active within the fascist system were preventing that system from evolving towards totalitarianism and defended the monarchy, as well as the independence of the Roman-Catholic Church.

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Publisher:

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Contributor:

Maciejewski, Marek. Red. ; Scheffler, Tomasz. Red.

Date issued:

2018

Identifier:

oai:repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl:107226 ; ISSN 0239-6661 ; ISSN 2300-7249

DOI:

10.19195/2300-7249.40.4.11

Source:

PAd P 101182 II

Language:

pol ; eng

Relation:

Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, 0239-6661, no 3886, Studia na Autorytaryzmem i Totalitaryzmem. 2018, 40, nr 4, s. 169-177

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Rights holder:

© Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o., Wrocław 2018

Object collections:

Last modified:

Nov 4, 2020

In our library since:

Mar 6, 2020

Number of object content hits:

8

Number of object content views in PDF format

10

All available object's versions:

https://repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl/publication/115930

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