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Aim: The aim of the research was a comparative analysis of parental attitudes in the retrospective assessment of students with ADHD and people who did not reveal this type of dysfunction. It was also important to determine how tested persons with ADHD, depending on the sex, subjectively assess parental attitudes of mothers and fathers. Methods: The study used an interview of the authors’ own construction to analyze the situation in the family. It was an ADHD diagnosis questionnaire developed by the authors based on Structured Clinical Interview for the Study of Mental Disorders, compliant with DSM-5, and the Retrospective Parental Attitude Questionnaire (KPR-Roc) develop by M. Plopa. Results: Research shows that both sons and daughters with attention deficit and hyperactivity significantly more often than the people from the comparative group perceived both parents as inconsistent and overly protective, and mothers as more demanding. Men with ADHD more often than women in this group assessed mothers as inconsistent and fathers’ attitudes as rejection. Conclusions: Perception of parental attitudes towards children with ADHD is the result of the specific behaviour of people with ADHD interacting with family members, but also results from the interaction of various factors on a feedback basis. It is important to take up educational and therapeutic interventions early on, not only for children with ADHD, but also addressed for the entire family system.