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Identity and religion syncretism : some reflections on Indian muslims

Subject and Keywords:

Indian Muslims   Islam   South Asia


At 172 million strong, Muslims constitute 14,2% of the Indian population. As the community is hardly monolithic and widely scattered across India, no conclusion drawn on the Northern Muslims can be legitimately applied on Mohammedans from the South, East or West. My overriding goal of this article is to provide several reflections on Indian Muslim community with a touch of variations in their practice and belief. The identity of them is far more complex, yet it remains understudied. This article contributes to the understanding of some characteristics among Indian Muslims. The identity of them is far more complex, yet it remains understudied. In the article I investigate: 1) their unique dichotomic identity, such as the distinction between little and great tradition or the coastal and the inland division; 2) the role of al-Hidayah in the region; 3) the interface between Hinduism and Islam. In particular, I focus on amalgamation of Hindu-Muslim traditions and the emergence of Sufism. This article also presents shortly previous studies on Indian Muslims (Ahmad 1973) and major dispute among scholars (Minault, Das, Robinson 1986) on the nature of Indian Islam. I draw on the concept of ‘uniqueness of Islam in India’ to engage in discussion about religious syncretism and its manifestations

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Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

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ISSN 2080-332X   ISBN 978-83-65158-16-1






Wrocławskie Studia Erazmiańskie. 2019, 13, s. 377-393

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Copyright by Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych, Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego & Authors

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