Object

Title: Fizjokratyczna teoria podatku i jej recepcja w polskiej myśli podatkowej

PLMET:

click here to follow the link

Alternative title:

The physiocratic theory of taxes and its reception in Polish tax thought

Creator:

Szymaniec, Piotr

ORCID:

0000-0002-5415-9215

Abstract:

The aim of the paper is to indicate the importance of the concept of Physiocrats in the history of tax thought and the practice of public levies. The question was raised whether Physiocrats only criticized the tax system existing in the 18th century in France or they have gone beyond this criticism, proposing solutions that were important in the subsequent development of taxes. The Physiocrats believed that in each case, the tax was charged to the land rent. The concept of a single tax they proclaimed was an attempt to construct a tax system characterized by transparency, simplicity and, at the same time, a fairly distribution of tax burden. This concept was implemented, however, only in three municipalities of Baden under the rule of Margrave Carl Friedrich. The importance of the Physiocrats lies in the fact that they were the first who tried to assess the impact of individual categories of taxes on the entire economy. The notion of tax shifting, which is currently in use, is derived from their analyses. Physiocracy was the most influential economic doctrine in the Polish lands at the end of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and the concept of tax proposed by this current was the basis for postulates to reduce fiscal burden imposed on the lower strata of society, especially the peasantry. Moreover, the argument based on Physiocracy served to justify the introduction of the “tenth cent gift” (ofiara dziesiątego grosza) by the Four-Year Sejm in 1789, being the first general tax which also included nobility

Publisher:

Uniwersytet Wrocławski. Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii

Contributor:

Miemiec, Wiesława. Red. ; Uniwersytet Wrocławski. Katedra Prawa Finansowego

Date issued:

2018

Identifier:

oai:repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl:95986 ; ISSN 2544-8382

Language:

pol

Relation:

Kwartalnik Prawno-Finansowy, ISSN 2544-8382 ; nr 4/2018, s. 22-53

Is part of:

Kwatalnik Prawno-Finansowy

Is referenced by:

https://kpf.wpae.uni.wroc.pl/

Access rights:

The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity

License:

Making materials available on the basis of the agreement with the owner of the property copyrights

Rights holder:

Copyright by Uniwersytet Wrocławski

Object collections:

Last modified:

Jun 15, 2021

In our library since:

Jul 22, 2019

Number of object content hits:

640

Number of object content views in PDF format

845

All available object's versions:

https://repozytorium.uni.wroc.pl/publication/103334

Show description in RDF format:

RDF

Show description in OAI-PMH format:

OAI-PMH (DC)

OAI-PMH (METS)

Objects

Similar

This page uses 'cookies'. More information