Subject and Keywords:
For more than half a century some in the legal-scientific community have postulated that lawyers should not limit themselves to a dogmatic perspective and should acquire a proper understanding of the facts necessitating the intervention of the legislator. Neurobiology, which examines the biological side of the decision-making process as well as human reflexes and instincts, can prove extremely valuable both in the creation and application of law. According to some representatives of legal sciences, integration with neurobiology is necessary for a deeper and comprehensive understanding of law as a social phenomenon. Cognitive methods appropriate for neurobiology are an appropriate tool for understanding the causes of behavior that are subject to legal regulation. They also allow the assessment of the effectiveness of existing or proposed legal norms. At the moment, three main areas of common interest of legal sciences and neurobiology can be distinguished: criminological forecast, the issue of guilt and responsibility, detection of lies in testimonies.