Subject and Keywords:
The chapter reports on the results of palynological analysis of sediments fromthe palaeolake at Rusinowo and the comparison of these findings with results previouslyobtained for two samples of lake chalk surviving on the ornamented antler artefact.Results from the pollen analysis were used to trace the history of vegetation during theLate Weichselian and the Holocene and to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment. The studyidentified eleven local pollen assemblage zones (L PAZ) within the pollen diagram andcorrelated four of them to the Late Weichselian and seven of them to the Holocene. Thepollen analysis confirmed the palynological age proposed previously for the lake chalkresidue extracted from the artefact as the Pine phase of the Allerød or, possibly, the transitionfrom the Allerød to Younger Dryas. At the time of the deposition of the ornamentedantler object, the area around today Rusinowo was covered by pine-birch forest with anadmixture of juniper. Open landscapes were vegetated by communities of heliophyteswith Salix, Juniperus, Artemisia, Helianthemum, Rumex and Chenopodiaceae.