policentryzm kontraktualizm dobra publiczne wybór publiczny jednomyślność pojęciowa przedsiębiorczość instytucjonalna
According to the contractarian perspective, a public good can be thought of as not so much a goodthat meets the technical neoclassical criteria of non-rivalness and non-excludability, but as one thatis produced on a purely contractual basis, thus necessarily increasing the utility of all the involvedparties. In this paper, by critically examining Nozick’s “emergent” contractarianism and Buchanan’steleological contractarianism, I shall argue that no such contractual origin can be plausibly attributedto territorial monopolies of force, and that therefore legal monocentrism — the view that the publicgoods of law and defense can be provided exclusively by territorial monopolies of force — fails therelevant efficiency test as conceived on a contractarian basis. This, in turn, implies that legal polycentrism,one of whose constitutive features is precisely its unambiguously voluntary and contractualcharacter, should be considered as a superior system in this context
21 kwi 2021
28 sty 2019
|Legal polycentrism and contractarianism||21 kwi 2021|
Wiśniewski, Jakub Bożydar
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Popowska, Bożena Kocowski, Tadeusz. Red. Korczak, Jerzy Red. Lisowski, Piotr. Red.
Łagowski, Paweł Winiarski, Marcin. Red.
Blicharz, Jolanta Kocowski, Tadeusz. Red. Korczak, Jerzy Red. Lisowski, Piotr. Red.
Kieres, Leon Korczak, Jerzy Red. Szreniawski, Jan Rec.
Bednyakova, Olga Winiarski, Marcin. Red.
Machaj, Mateusz Maciejewski, Marek. Red. Scheffler, Tomasz. Red.