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Turkizm w muzyce : związki muzyki i polityki w młodej Republice Tureckiej (1923–1938)

Alternative title:

Turkism in Music : political Influences in the Musical Culture of the young Republic of Turkey (1923–1938)


Pawlina, Agata

Subject and Keywords:

Atatürk, Kemal (1881-1938) ; panturkism ; Turkish music ; Turkey ; Gökalp, Ziya (1876-1924)


In 1923 the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed. Its first president, Kemal Atatürk dedicated his life to legal, political and social reforms in his newly-founded state. It is generally believed that the most important cultural changes of this period took place in the fields of language and customs. This paper aims to present a historical overview of the westernization process in usually forgotten in this context field – musical culture. For Kemal Atatürk and his political advisors reforms in musical education system and in the music itself were no less important than those in other fields of culture. Ziya Gökalp, often characterized as the father of Turkish nationalism, in his book-manifesto entitled The Principles of Turkism, stated that the invention of the new national music (Millî Musıki) is essential for the foundation and development of the Turkish community. According to him Millî Musıki was supposed to be combination of the Turkish folk music and European classical music. The second aim of this paper is to show how the first generation of modern Turkish composers put into practice principles of ideal national Turkish music, imagined by the political authorities of Turkey, and how this “new tradition” is continued nowadays

Place of publishing:



Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego


Sadowski, Mirosław (1964- ). Red.

Date issued:





ISSN 2080-332X ; ISBN 978-83-65158-12-3


pol ; eng

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Rights holder:

© Copyright by Pracownia Badań Praw Orientalnych, Katedra Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych Wydziału Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego & Authors, Wrocław 2018

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm