The article is devoted to the presentation of the suicides of Lycambes’ daughters in Greek epigrams.This is represented in five works: Dioscorides (A.P. 7.351), Meleager (A.P. 7.352), Gaetulicus (A.P. 7.71) and Julian (A.P. 7.69 and 70). The author refers in his introduction to the ancient historical tradition of the love between Archilochus and Neobule, one of Lycambes’ daughters. After the engagement was broken off by Lycambes, the poet took revenge on his daughters, describing his amorous adventures with them and their sexual preferences. In accordance with the ancient legend, the daughters of Lycambes, unable to live with the shame which befell their family as a result of Archilochus’ defamatory iambs, committed suicide. The above-mentioned epigrams include the motif of the daughters’ tragic deaths. Only in Gaetulicus do we have a clear reference to their suicides. This is also suggested by Julian, especially in the second work of his cited above. All the epigrams also contain a critical assessment of Archilochus’ iambs as excessively harsh and cruel towards Lycambes’ daughters. Archilochus’ harshest critic was Gaetulicus, for whom the poet from Paros was a ‘murderer’, who using his iambs as a weapon drove innocent girls to their deaths.
|Córki Lykambesa w epigramacie greckim||2018-04-12|