The research conducted by the authors was the subjective evaluation of the relationship between personality disorders in a group of students and a retrospective assessment of parental attitudes. The aim was to answer the question: ‘What sort of relationship exists between different personality disorders and a retrospective assessment of the mother and father’s attitudes?’ The research was conducted among 450 students from Rzeszów, of various subjects, who answered the personality disorders questionnaire and the inventory of retrospectively assessed parents’ attitudes towards them. The study used the following techniques: the authors’ adaptation of the Personality Inventory which supplemented The Structured Clinical Interview for Assessing Personality Disorders SCID II by M. B. First, M. Gibbon, R.L. Spitzer and J. B. W. Benjamin adapted by B. Zawadzki, A. Popiel and E. Praglowska, and Retrospective Assessment of Parental Attitudes by M. Plopa. The results revealed that in cases of male students with personality disorders the most significant factors are retrospective fathers’ attitudes, especially inconsistency. For female students both fathers’ and mothers’ attitudes are significant.