One of the fundamental social roles which are fulfilled by a woman is the role of a mother. By meeting caring and educational duties a woman fulfils herself in the maternal role which influences a number of functions fulfilled by her in adult life, as well as the process of shaping her personality. In Polish culture the role of a mother has always been appreciated and considered significant. In a traditional approach the figure of the Polish Mother was concerned with giving birth to and raising children, which gave meaning to her life. In times of socio-cultural, civilizational and economic transformations of the 20th and 21st centuries the role of a mother has undergone a fundamental change. Women have begun to exist in aspects of life which had been reserved for men. Their awareness has been changed, their independence and the sense of autonomy and personal freedom has been increased. Moreover, their professional standing has been enhanced. As a consequence, these changes have led to the shaping of a new image of the term ‘mother’. Currently young women’s decisions about motherhood are more than ever wellthought-out. Women postpone their first childbirth and decide on a progressively smaller number of offspring. A contemporary mother establishes different kinds of relationships which determine the changes in terms of educational functions. The article discusses the issues related to the changes of the role of mother. The purpose of these reflections is to answer the question of what is the view of academic youth about these changes.