Between the principle of effectiveness of EU law and the right to effective judicial protection – the need to balance two values in European law as exemplified by the functioning the European Arrest Warrant mechanism
The purpose of this article is, in particular, an attempt to answer the question how the European Court of Justice respects the standard of the right to effective judicial protection, (developed primarily by the European Court of Human Rights), within functioning the European Arrest Warrant Mechanism. The considerations will concern cases in which a conflict occurred, or a conflict could occur between the principle of effectiveness of European Union law and the right to effective judicial protection. In other words, it becomes legitimate to check whether the Court of Justice permits the restriction of the right to effective judicial protection for the full implementation of the principle of the effectiveness of European Union law. Relevant judgments of the Luxembourg court show that the practical application of the European Arrest Warrant instrument may raise serious doubts, especially in the sphere of the possibility of refusing its execution. The point of the considerations will be the ruling of the Court of Justice relating primarily to such elements of the right to effective judicial protection as the right to an independent and impartial court, the right of defense and the right to an effective remedy.